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Authority is Constructed and Contextual* - Information resources reflect their creators' expertise and credibility, and are evaluated based on the information need and the context in which the information will be used. Authority is constructed in that various communities may recognize differently types of authority. It is contextual in that the information may help to determine the level of authority required.
Objective: Students' ability to analyze the authority behind the creation of an information source is enhanced so they can decide whether or not it is a credible source.
Information Creation as a Process* - Information in any format is produced intentionally to create a message and is shared via a selected delivery method. The iterative process of researching, creating, revising, and disseminating information vary, and the resulting product reflects these differences.
Objective: Students' can explain "the message" behind the creation of information and whether the message is truthful and based on facts or evidence--or biased and not presenting all sides of an argument.
(* Taken from the "Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education." filed by the ACRL Board an on February 2, 2015. Adopted by the ACRL Board, January 11, 2016.)