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COMM 110: Quantitative Research Methods: APA Guide

Research guide for students taking COMM 110

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APA Guide

How to cite books, articles, and other materials 
(based on the APA Guide, 6th edition)

*Basic format for a book:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

*Basic format for an article:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(30), 5-13.

*For other type of materials (chapters in books, dissertations, papers, etc)  go to:


*Electronic Resources:

Citing Electronic Resources can be tricky.  You can find examples for all types of electronic resources at:

*Format for in-text citations:

To see examples go to: