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The Environmental Justice and Sustainability Research Toolbox

Module 7: Observational Methods such as Ethnography/Auto-Ethnography

Key Topics to Engage in Module:

  1. Naturalistic observation
  2. Participant observation
  3. Structured/semi-structured observation
  4. Case study
  5. Ethnography
  6. Auto-ethnography

Module Learning Outcomes:

By the end of this module, you will be able to:

  • Learn about observational research methods, and the differences between each once.
  • Practice utilizing some or all of these methods to develop a deeper understanding of how and why these are conducted.
  • Engage in critical reflexivity, which is fundamental to developing a socio-cultural ethical ethnographic practice/process.

Module Details


Additional Readings:


Applications, Activities, Assignments, and/or Online Discussion Prompts