These sources have statistics about the U.S as a whole and, usually, for individual states as well. Occasionally, there will be even finer geographical divisions. You need patience and persistence using these tools!
These are all sources of information down to the school district level. Some even break information down to specific schools!
To get a quick profile of a specific school or a specific district in California, go to the California Department of Education page. Select either school or district. Then enter the name of the school or any school in the district for district data.
You will find statistics related to higher education in other government sources listed here from the National Center for Education Statistics, for example. The sources listed below are additional tools related specifically to higher education.