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Bias in Search Engines And Algorithms

A critical analysis of the explicit and implicit biases present in various search engines, databases, and algorithms that people regularly interact with in their daily lives

"Browsing Through Bias" by Sara A. Howard and Steven A. Knowlton

"Three Decades Since Prejudices and Antipathies: A Study of Changes in the Library of Congress Subject Headings" by Steven Knowlton

"Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism" by Safiya Umoja Noble

"Prejudices and Antipathies: A Tract on the LC Subject Heads Concerning People" Introduction by Sanford Berman

"Personal insights into critical librarianship" by Kevin L. Smith

"Revisiting Search Engine Bias" and "Search Engine Bias and the Demise of Search Engine Utopianism" by Eric Goldman

"Shaping the Web: Why the Politics of Search Engines Matters" by Helen Nissenbaum and Lucas D. Introna

"Web Search Multidisciplinary Perspectives" by Various Authors (edited by Amanda Spink and Michael Zimmer)

"Weapons of Math Destruction" by Cathy O'Neil