Note: "Although it’s true that some researchers have found a relationship between ESG performance and financial returns, thus far they've merely established correlation. We don’t actually know if strong ESG performance causes better returns, or if both are a function of good management" (Parker 2021).
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Latapí Agudelo, M. A., Jóhannsdóttir, L., & Davídsdóttir, B. (2019). A literature review of the history and evolution of corporate social responsibility. International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility, 4(1), 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40991-018-0039-y
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Yu, E. P. Y., Van Luu, B., & Chen, C. H. (2020). Greenwashing in environmental, social and governance disclosures. Research in International Business and Finance, 52, 101192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ribaf.2020.101192